Setting up a multi-tiered log infrastructure Part 8 -- Rsyslog Setup

Setup rsyslog node

Setup Note: there are two possible build options. Option 1 is to build a single server that will handle log reception and storage. This is perfectly acceptable if losing a few logs during maintenance is okay. Option 2, utilizes an HA cluster for aggregating the logs with a third rsyslog server.

Install/upgrade to the latest rsyslog

yum update rsyslog

Create an rsyslog spool directory (this will be needed later)

mkdir /var/lib/rsyslog

Setup Note: A custom rsyslog.conf is available for the CLR node that allows receiving logs on tcp port 514 by default. Copy the content from the appendixes into the appropriate files.

Path: /etc/rsyslog.conf rsyslog.conf for CLR server

Edit the rsyslog config

vi /etc/rsyslog.conf

Uncomment the lines for the action and change server.domain.tld to the name of your master node (don’t do this until you are ready to ship logs)

# target="server.domain.tld"
# port="10514"
# protocol="tcp"
# queue.filename="wait_queue"
# queue.size="1000000"
# queue.type="LinkedList"
# )

Allow rsyslog to use port 10514 for outbound communication

semanage port -a -t syslogd_port_t -p tcp 10514

Option 1 – Settings to edit to allow incoming udp in addition to incoming tcp

Uncomment #module(load=”imudp”)

Uncomment #input(type=”imudp” port=”514″)

Option 2 – Settings to edit

Nothing to do if using the proper config

Restart the rsyslog service

systemctl restart rsyslog.service

Setup Note: rsyslog offers many input options, which are too extensive to cover in depth. It is assumed that endpoint devices will be using either tcp or udp for syslog services.

Configure firewalld rules

Now that the config file is edited, let’s make some firewall rule changes. If for some reason you aren’t using a firewall then you can skip this.

Configure a default zone with firewalld (The default zone is assumed to already be set as “Internal”)

Create new service files for our rsyslog node, one for tcp and one for udp

vi /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-tcp.xml

Use this as the contents for rsyslog-tcp.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <description>rsyslog server access for default tcp port.</description>
    <port protocol="tcp" port="514"/>

Edit /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-udp.xml

vi /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-udp.xml

Insert this text

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <description>rsyslog server access for default udp port.</description>
    <port protocol="udp" port="514"/>

Permanently create selinux context labels

semanage fcontext -a -t firewalld_etc_rw_t -s system_u /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-tcp.xml
semanage fcontext -a -t firewalld_etc_rw_t -s system_u /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-udp.xml

Apply the new selinux labels

restorecon -vF /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-tcp.xml
restorecon -vF /etc/firewalld/services/rsyslog-udp.xml

Option1 --- Setup firewall rules to allow tcp and udp connections from any host

Add services (or ports) to allowed rules

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=internal --add-service=rsyslog-tcp

firewall-cmd --permanent --zone=internal --add-service=rsyslog-udp

You can just define ports if you like

firewall-cmd --zone=internal --add-port=514/tcp

firewall-cmd --zone=internal --add-port=514/udp

Option 2 --- Setup firewall rules x2 (use the IP’s of the log aggregator servers)

Add rich rules to allow tcp connections from aggregator nodes. (use the IP’s of the log aggregator servers)

firewall-cmd --zone=internal --add-rich-rule="rule family="ipv4" source address="" service name="rsyslog-tcp" accept" --permanent

Reload the current firewall config

firewall-cmd --reload

Check the interface and verify the services

firewall-cmd --zone=internal --list-services

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